This book reviews evidence for the existence of information storing states present in specific materials systems called Topological Materials. It discusses how quantum computation, a possible technology for the future, demands unique paradigms where the information storing states are just not disturbed by classical forces. They are protected from environmental disturbance, suggesting that whatever information is stored in such states would could be safe forever. The authors explain how the topological aspect arises from the configuration or the shape of energy space. He further explains that the existence of related topological states has not been conclusively established in spite of significant experimental effort over the past decade. And The book as such illustrates the necessity for such investigations as well as application of the topological states for new computational technologies. The scope of coverage includes all the necessary mathematical and physics preliminaries (starting at the undergraduate level) enabling researchers to quickly understand the state of the art literature.